The moment a passenger buys a passenger ticket or a bill of lading for his cargoes and/or/baggage or boards a bus, ship, or airplane, certain rights are already afforded to him.
A Contract of Transportation is thus created.
A Contract of Transportation is a contract whereby a person, natural or juridical, obligates himself to transport persons or goods, or both, from one place to another, by land, water or air, for a price or compensation.
A Contract of Transportation is imbued with public interest, and that is the reason why it is considered a public utility. As a public utility, the State has the power to regulate common carriers for public welfare and the common good.
Common carriers are persons, corporations, firms or associations engaged in the business of carrying or transporting passengers, or goods or both, by land, water or air, for compensation, offering their services to the public indiscriminately (Art. 1732 NCC). Shipping companies and airline companies are common carriers.
1.Right to be Processed for Check-in